The menstruation is a natural process of purifying the body in women. For menorrhagia treatment in Ayurveda, the doctor has to find out the cause of menstrual problems according to ayurveda. This process has some principles, according to the type of Dosha.
In the Vata-type of women, the bleeding is relatively less, the color is dark red or often brownish. The menstruation does not continue very long – from 3 to 5 days.
In the Pitta-type of women, the menstruation is generally heavy, as Pitta Dosha is related to the blood. The blood is dark; there might be variations such as red, purple. The Pitta-menstruation continues from 5 to 7 days on average.
In the Kapha-type body, the menstruation is continuous – may last more than a week and the bleeding is moderate. The blood is bright red might have an impurity of mucus.
The menstruation should not be accompanied by pain or other discomforts as the natural process, and it should not cause health problems. However, many women have problems with this monthly cycle. This leads to a tense situation for a woman and is because of the imbalance in the doshas.
For the normalization of the monthly cycle the state of balance of the Doshas must be restored.
For menorrhagia treatment in Ayurveda, the increase or decrease in one of the doshas must be there. The irregular periods treatment in Ayurveda includes few therapies or changes that are needed for the normalization the irregular or painful periods:
- Nabi Puranam massage – This massage is essential for the irregular periods treatment in Ayurveda.
- Diet changes - The irregular periods treatment in ayurveda is also achieved by changes in the lifestyle, and especially by diet changes. A daily regime should be assigned, considering body activity, so as not to be overburdened physically and emotionally. This has to be decided by your ayurvedic doctor according to the known Dosha.
- Physical exercises strengthen Vata – The irregular periods treatment in ayurveda also includes the energy of the movement. This suggests that during the monthly cycle, it is important that Vata should be balanced, for which, journeys and long walks should be avoided as well.
The menstrual cycle or period is the regular and natural cycle that occurs in the female after every 28 days, Which makes pregnancy possible. This cycle occurs because the lining of the uterus breaks down and leaves the body through the vagina. Periods usually start during puberty, menarche, between the ages of 10 and 16 years, and continue until menopause, when a woman is 45- to 55-years old. This cycle usually lasts for between 3 and 7 days, and the amount of blood loss can vary from person to person.
The menstrual cycle usually comes along with various menstrual problems such as irregular periods or painful period which is also known as dysmenorrhea. Women may experience problems or irregularities in their menstrual cycle. Common problems include:
- Irregular Periods - It is the condition where the menstrual cycle is shorter or longer than average.
- Menorrhagia (Heavy Periods) - Heavy periods can be so painful that you would find it very difficult to do even basic regular chores.
- Amenorrhea - Amenorrhea is the problem when menstrual periods are absent before menopause.
- Menstrual Migraine – Most women often suffer from a severe migraine during their menstrual cycle.
So in order to reduce the further complications related to these menstrual problems, treatment for periods is necessary. There have been a number of cases related to Dysmenorrhea, which is termed as painful periods in normal language.
There are two types of it as given below:
- Primary Dysmenorrhea - It is very usual when it comes to teenagers. The primary agent responsible for it is a chemical called prostaglandin which results in the menstrual cramps. The symptoms of this type of dysmenorrhea include backache, vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, and frequent headache. The symptoms associated with the problem exist for a day or two.
- Secondary Dysmenorrhea - Some of the physical conditions like fibroids, endometriosis, and pelvic inflammatory disease are accountable for it. The type of this type of dysmenorrhea results in chronic pain.
There are many causes of these menstrual problems such as:
- Stress and lifestyle causes - Gaining or losing some weight, dieting, changes in exercise routines, illness, or other disruptions in a woman's daily routine can have a negative effect on her menstrual cycle.
- Contraceptive pills - Most birth control pills contain a combination of the hormones estrogen and progestin. Regularly using these birth control pills can affect menstruation.
- Fibroids - The fibroids are small benign (noncancerous) growths in the lining of the uterus. These tumors may cause heavy bleeding and pain during periods.
- Endometriosis - The tissue that lines the uterus breaks down every month which results in the menstrual flow. Endometriosis occurs when the endometrial tissue starts to grow outside the uterus. Therefore it may cause abnormal bleeding, cramps or pain before and during periods.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome - In polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the ovaries produce a large number of androgens, which are male hormones. There may be a formation of small fluid-filled sacs or cysts in the ovaries. The hormonal changes can prevent eggs from maturing, and so ovulation may not take place properly. This is the major cause of menstrual problems.
- Premature ovarian insufficiency - This condition occurs in women below 40 whose ovaries do not function normally. The menstrual cycle stops, similar to menopause.
- Hormonal influences - Life cycle changes that influence the hormonal balance include puberty, menopause, pregnancy, and childbirth, and breastfeeding.
- Malfunctioning of glands - malfunction of the thyroid gland, the hypothalamus (part of the brain that helps regulate the menstrual cycle) or the pituitary gland.
- Depression and some other forms of mental illness.
There are certain symptoms that a woman can undergo due to menstrual problems. However, some common symptoms include:
- Breast swelling and tenderness
- Acne breakouts
- Leg, back, or stomach cramping
- Acne signs over the surface of the skin and face
- Frequent headaches are common
- In many cases, constipation also occurs
- Many patients also complain regarding diarrhea
- Food cravings are also observed to be common
- A chronic phase of depression or feeling blue
- Getting irritated with a tiny amount of stress
- Depression and mood swings
- Anger and anxiety
If you find any of these symptoms in your body then you should take the natural treatment for irregular periods in ayurveda.
There are various home treatment for the cure of irregular periods that can be done easily at home and are considered as effective ayurvedic home remedies for irregular periods such as:
- Exercising regularly to maintain a healthy weight and reduce stress.
- Following a healthful diet.
- Ginger - Ginger is used as one of the effective ayurvedic home remedies for irregular periods.
- Apple cider vinegar - There have been various studies that showed, drinking 15 ml of apple cider vinegar daily may restore ovulatory menstruation in women with PCOS.
- Increase uptake of vitamin D, B-6 and vitamin A.
The natural treatment for irregular periods can be done by following some lifestyle changes and various preventive measures in your daily routine such as:
- Regular exercise.
- Avoid conditions of stress.
- Eating smaller, more frequent meals.
- Limiting the intake of salt, caffeine, and alcohol.
- Practice yoga on a daily basis.
- Maintain consistency in your body weight.
- Eating more fruit, vegetables, whole grains, and calcium-rich foods.