Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a set of hereditary conditions and degenerative disorders that affect the retina. The retina, which is positioned at the back of the eye, sends images to the brain where they are professed. The cells in the retina that accept the visual images are known as photoreceptors. There are two different sorts of photoreceptors: rods and cones.

In Retinitis pigmentosa (RP), the photoreceptors progressively lose proper functioning. Side vision slowly degenerates over time. Night vision is affected due to this condition. You must seek advice from a professional healthcare provider before making final decisions about therapies.

Signs of RP can generally be noticed during a regular eye exam when the patient is about 10 years old. Though, symptoms generally increase until teenage years. Having a family record of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) enhances the risk of increasing the disorder. In some cases, some people with this condition have no family history of this disorder.

Causes Of Retinitis Pigmentosa

Hereditary : Many different hereditary retinal issues can lead to retinitis pigmentosa (RP). In most cases, the disorder is usually caused by a recessive genetic material. It means that an abnormal gene should be inherited from parents. In some cases, RP is caused due to genetic changes on the X chromosome.

In other cases, Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is caused by a principal gene, which means that people build up the disorder if they take over the changed gene from a single parent. For example, an expected 30% of autosomal principal cases arise when there is a change in the gene which codes for rhodopsin, a pigment in the retina that is required for improved vision. When the gene is changed, rhodopsin does not develop in a proper manner and photoreceptor cells die.

Signs and Symptoms of Retinitis Pigmentosa

Symptoms of retinitis pigmentosa differ from patient to patient. The rate at which this disease progresses also varies.

The major symptom of this disease is generally poor night vision or intricacy to see in dim light. It is usually followed by less side vision and complicatedness seeing clear images. With time, the disorder may lead to tunnel vision. When patients get exposed to sunlight or bright light, they frequently experience a glare that makes it quite hard to see.

Central vision generally begin to diminish in the final levels of the disease. Symptoms of vision loss consist of complicatedness in viewing detailed images.

Some people with RP may sooner or later go blind, though majority of people are able to sustain some vision all the way through their lives.

In Ayurveda, this disorder can be controlled in most of the cases if treated on timely manner in their young age. Ayurveda believes that this disease is originally vitiation of kapha dosha, then pitta gets concerned and finally vata, leading to complete blindness.

As it is a hereditary disease but this fact cannot be ignored that by providing a healthy living environment to retinal tissue and the entire body, the aggressive expression of genes can be diminished and controlled in many cases.