Paralysis can be termed as complete muscle function loss for one or more of the muscle groups. It can result in loss of mobility of felling in the area that is affected by paralysis. It is important to note that as a result of the interruption of communication of the nerve impulses along the brain to the muscle pathway, the control of muscle movement can be impaired and it further can result in the weakness of muscle with coordination loss. It is weakness of the muscle that gradually gets converted into paralysis, leading to the loss of the person’s ability to make movement of the muscles.
Partial or complete can be the form of paralysis. Also it can take place in whole body or in any one part. Paraplegia is the name given to paralysis of the lower half of the body including the legs. On the other hand, arms and legs paralysis is termed as quadriplegia. In case only one side is involved then it is termed as hemiplegia.
The most often cause of the paralysis is the damage in the nervous system, most specifically the spinal cord. Other than that, it can also be caused by spina bifida, muscular dystrophy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), stroke, Guillain-Barre syndrome and trauma with nerve injury.
Transient ischemic attack and stroke are the two most common life threatening paralysis’ causes. Also it is believed that paralysis is caused by poisonings and exposure to various toxic substances. The extent of the neurological deficit as well as its degree depends upon the extension and location of brain cells’ damage or the damage of the nervous system. In a number of cases, along with the motor deficits, it is also common to see loss of higher functions and speech disturbance (also termed as dysarthria or aphasia).
The paralysis distribution works in offering important clues to the nerve damage site. In most of the cases, Hemiplegia is caused due to the damage of brain on the side that is just opposite to paralysis. It happens usually due to the stroke. Quadriplegia occurs when there is any damage to the upper side of spinal cord at the shoulder’s lever or higher. On the other hand, Paraplegia takes place when there is any injury to the lower spinal cord. Brain damage is usually indicated by Diplegia, mostly from the celebral palsy. When there is any isolated damage to peripheral nervous system or the central nervous system, then it results into Monoplegia. The paralysis that takes place in arms only sometimes indicates the demyelinating disease.
Paralysis has been discussed in Ayurveda under the head of vata Vyadhi disorder. Also the terms like Ekanga Vata, Paksaghata and Paksha Vadha are often used to explain paralysis in Ayurveda. Also it is note-worthy that facial paralysis is mentioned in Ayurveda as a separate disease entity which is termed as Ardita Vata. As far as the treatment guidelines for the treatment are concerned the same are clearly included in the Ayurveda classical texts.
Although there are a number of treatment options available, Ayurveda has proved to be one of the most important and effective ways to recover from the paralysis condition. It is therefore suggested to take Ayurveda treatment immediately after getting the discharge from the hospital or medical care.
At Prakash Nethralaya and Panchkarma Kendra, Jaipur we offer a number of highly effective Panchakarma therapies in addition to the oral medications to treat paralysis. The effective therapies are offered here like Snehapanam, Sarvanga dhara, Karna pooranam, Abhyanga swedam, Pichu, Navarakizhi, Vasti, Shiro Vasti and Virechanam, etc. as per the requirements for approximately 4-5 weeks. With other things, it is important to go for specific Diet and Life style modifications so as to expect great results from Ayurveda.