Age Related Macular Degeneration

Prevent blindness due to AMD (Dry & Wet) in old age through Ayurvedic Treatment

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Prakash Nethralaya is the best ayurvedic hospital for ayurvedic treatment of Age Related Macular Degeneration, other eye diseases and general diseases.

Ayurveda advocates certain therapies and practices in order to get rid of age related macular degeneration. Some of the methods for treatment of age related macular degeneration are:

  1. Virechana (Therapeutic purgation) – One of the best method for treatment of age related macular degeneration is virechana, which is done with administration of medicines after internal and external oleation. This helps in removing toxins from the body and bring equilibrium of the doshas especially Pitta.
  2. Nasya (Nasal medication) – It is a procedure in which medicated oil, or fresh juice of herbs, is instilled inside the nostrils after oleation and fomentation of the face and neck. Anu oil is commonly used for Nasya.
  3. Netra Dhara (Eye wash) –The treatment of age related macular degeneration also inclues netra dhara. The procedure of pouring thin streams of herbal fluids over the closed eye from a height of 4 finger breath is Netra Dhara. This procedure is carried out during the day.
  4. Bidalaka or Lepa (Application of herbal paste) – Simple application of herbal paste on the skin surface of the eye lids, is called Bidalaka or Lepa. It can be done with paste of Lodhra (Symplocos racemosa), Nimba/neem (Azadirachta indica), Shigru (Moringa olifera), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Eranda (Riccinus communis) depending upon the doshas vitiated.
  5. Netra Tarpana (Eye rejuvenation)– This treatment of age related macular degeneration includes the warm medicated ghee which is then poured into the eyes and retained inside an herbal paste boundary. Ghee is cool, hence helps mitigate Vata and Pitta doshas.
  6. Shiro lepa/Tala dharana (Application of herbal pastes on the vertex) – Common herbal paste used are Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna), Kachoradi churna are applied on the vertex of the eye according to the type of disorder.
  7. Taila Shirodhara (in dry type) – In this process lukewarm medicated oil (Sesame oil medicated with herbs like Brahmi, Shankhapushpi, Yashtimadhu, Chandana, etc.) is poured over the forehead in a rhythmic manner from a perforated pot suspended above forehead.
  8. Takradhara (in wet type) – The treatment of age related macular degeneration includes Takradhara also. In this therapy, lukewarm medicated buttermilk (medicated with Amalaki and other herbs) is poured over the forehead in a rhythmic manner just like in Shirodhara.

Age-related macular degeneration is a common eye condition having a problem with your eye’s retina. It happens usually when a part of the retina called the macula is deteriorated. With AMD person cannot see fine details, whether you are looking at something close or far. With AMD you lose your central vision. But your peripheral side vision will still be normal. It is cause of vision loss among people age 50 and older. As AMD progresses, a blurred area near the center of vision is a common symptom. Researchers also have estimated that approximately 5 percent of blindness globally is due to AMD.

Though the age related macular degeneration causes are not much clear, but is associated with aging, studies suggests there also is a genetic component related to the disease.

  1. The complement factor H (CFH), gene deficiency is associated with almost half of all potentially blinding cases of macular degeneration, research proves.
  2. Another research has shown that various cells in the retina produce a type of protein called vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which enhances the growth of new blood vessels in the retina, this is another cause of age related macular degeneration causes as too much VEGF in the eye causes the development of unwanted blood vessels in the retina that easily break open and bleed, damaging the macula and surrounding retina.

Risk Factors

  1. Aging is a primary risk factor for AMD. Each decade of life after age 40 significantly increases one’s risk for the disease.
  2. Heredity - Specific variants of different genes are present in most people who have macular degeneration. Family history and Genetics plays a great role in acquiring AMD. People with a family history of AMD are at higher risk.
  3. Smoking. Smoking is another major risk factor for AMD.
  4. Obesity- Researchers have found that people with dry AMD who were also obese had more than double the risk of developing advanced macular degeneration, compared with people of normal body weight.
  5. Inactivity. People with dry AMD who perform vigorous activity at least three times weekly reduced their risk of developing advanced AMD, compared with people with dry AMD who were sedentary.
  6. Spending too much time in the sun can also increases the risk factor for AMD.

  1. Age-related macular degeneration symptom includes a slow, painless loss of vision.
  2. Early age related macular degeneration symptoms include shadowy areas in your central vision, or unusually distorted spots that affect only the central portion of your field of vision.
  3. If your eye doctor detects some defect in your central vision, such as distortion or blurriness, he or she may order special imaging tests to examine the retinal blood vessels surrounding the macula.
  4. Dark, blurry areas or whiteout that appears in the center of your vision.
  5. Words in a book or newspaper may become blurred.
  6. Colors appear less bright.
  7. Difficulty in recognizing the faces.
  8. One specific age related macular degeneration symptom is visual distortion. Typically, straight lines appear wavy or crooked.
  9. Visual hallucinations are one of the common age related macular degeneration symptoms in people with severe visual loss of any cause.

  1. Dry AMD - It is a quite common type. About 80% of people who suffer from AMD have the dry form. It occurs when parts of the macula get thinner with age and tiny spots of protein grow. You slowly lose central vision. It is an early stage of the disease. However, visual impairment from dry AMD can continue to progress year after year, eventually leading to significant vision loss.
  2. Wet AMD - This type is less common but much more severe. This type occurs when the new, abnormal blood vessels grow under the retina. These vessels may leak blood or other fluids, causing scarring of the macula. The person may lose vision faster with wet AMD than with dry AMD.

Various comprehensive dilated eye exams can detect AMD. The eye exam may include the following:

  1. Visual acuity test- This eye chart measures how well patient see at distances.
  2. Dilated eye exam- The doctor places drops in your eyes to widen or dilate the pupils. This provides a better view of the back of your eye. Then, using a special magnifying lens, he or she then looks at your retina and optic nerve for signs of AMD and other eye problems.
  3. Amsler grid- The doctor also may ask you to look at an Amsler grid. Changes in your central vision may cause the lines in the grid to disappear or appear wavy, a sign of AMD.
  4. Optical coherence tomography- OCT is similar to ultrasound, except that it uses light waves, and can achieve very high-resolution images of any tissues that can be penetrated by light, such as the eyes.

  1. Vitamin A should be included more in your diet. Eat fruits and vegetables that have a deep orange or yellow color such as: carrots, winter squash, sweet potatoes, pumpkins, apricots, peaches, cantaloupe, oranges, papayas, and mangoes.
  2. Non vegetarian foods, like eggs, liver and fish are also good for eye health.
  3. Green leafy vegetables- kale, beet greens, Swiss chard, coriander, spinach, mustard and collard greens, help to improve the vision.
  4. Include antioxidants like lemon and berries in your diet.
  5. Triphala, an ayurvedic medication is extremely beneficial for eyes.
  6. Rub your eyes for 30 minutes gently in regular interval of time in order to relax them.
  7. Avoid sitting near TV and computer for a longer period of time.

  1. Splash plain water in the eyes every hour.
  2. Avoid watching television, using the computer or reading continuously for long periods of time.
  3. Avoid improper postures while using the computer, watching TV or reading.
  4. Avoid straining the eyes to read small letters.
  5. Go to sleep by 10pm. Get sound sleep of 7 hours.
  6. Palming is an excellent way to give the eyes some rest when they are over-strained
  7. Placing cooling cotton pads dipped in rose water, aloe vera, cilantro, or cucumber juices over the eyes is beneficial.
  8. Application of sandalwood powder and water on the forehead can soothe eye strain.
  9. Avoid smoking and exercise regularly

Frequently Asked Questions