Ritucharya of Ayurveda
It is quite a genuine fact that seasons have an innate effect on the tridosas. As per Charak Samhita, the potency of a person is improved when appropriate diets and routines are adopted in accordance with each season. To acquire this intensity of health, one must attain facts of the qualities of the seasons and their manipulation on tridosas.
The dosas hoard during seasons that allocate their elements or qualities. Just the once the dosas has accumulated beyond a firm limit, it becomes goaded and signs of this could be manifested. Seasons contrary in nature to a specific dosa appease it.
For instance, vata is goaded when environment is dry, windy and cool, such as in the phase of autumn. During winter, when it is wet & cold, kapha amasses. During the period when it is hot, pitta enhances in quantity. Goaded dosas are assuaged by diets and lifestyles contrary in nature to the existing conditions. So, when it is hot and pitta is aggravated, chilly foods and drinks are favorable. And when it is cold and vata or kapha are goaded, hot foods that are meant to be heated are more suitable.
Ritucharya for winter to assuage doshas which are naturally goaded during this season, are elucidated as under.
Ritucharya of Winter Season
During the season of winter, there is natural buildup of kapha due to the frosty and wet atmosphere, so attempts should be prepared to keep the body warm. Vata may also become goaded because of the frosty weather. It is beneficial to go for warm baths & sauna (svedana), sunbaths and reside in an insulated dwelling. It is advisable to wear heavy and warm clothes during the night hours. During winter, massage should comprise of chiefly dry rubbing, if there is a possibility of the goading of kapha. If there is exasperation of vata, then lukewarm oil may be applied in order to attain a better massage.
Shun the frosty and cold foods and beverages, and the consumption of light foods is recommended. Lukewarm drinks and foods that are warm in nature are preferable. During the time of winter, the digestive power of the body (jatharagni) is stronger in comparison to other seasons. As the external environment is cold, the body preserves heat within and attempts to safeguard it for the future course of time. Therefore, the inner digestive fire becomes reinforced and is able to conserve it. During this phase, it easily metabolizes the contents of oils, fats and dairy products (yogurt, milk, & cheese). Here, one can include heavier food in the diet as one can easily digest and acquire the nutrients for the body.