Cone Dystrophy

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Prakash Nethralaya is the best ayurvedic hospital for ayurvedic treatment of Cone Dystrophy, other eye diseases and general diseases.

Cone dystrophy treatment in ayurveda starts with the observation of disease and its cause according to ayurveda. Hence according to ayurveda, the cone dystrophy starts with vitiation of Pitta in eyes. In Ayurveda texts, it is defined as Pitta Vidagdha drushti.

Cone dystrophy treatment in ayurveda includes various therapies such as Virechana, thakradhara, Netra tarpana which helps in pacifying Pitta and to provide strength to vision. For proper cone dystrophy treatment in ayurveda, regular maintenance of disease is required with Panchakarma netra kriya therapies and Ayurveda medicines.

  1. Virechana - Virechana therapy is a purification therapy and one among the five healing therapies of the Panchakarma. It is considered as the best cone dystrophy treatment in ayurveda.
  2. Netra Basti - This therapy is one of the best cone dystrophy treatment, used to reduce eye strain and stress. The eyes are bathed to remove any congested secretion. A dough dam is built up around the eye and a warm medicated ghee is slowly poured into the dam, bringing peace and nourishment to the eyes.
  3. Netra Trapana - Netra Tarpana is used as cone dystrophy treatment as both preventive and corrective treatment for maintaining the ordinary solid state of eyes. A mixture made by gram flour is pasted around both the eyes, and drug is poured onto it such that the drug does not spill from the batter which is set around the eyes.

Cone dystrophy is a term used to describe a group of rare eye disorders that affect the cone cells of the retina. Cone cells are the type of cells present in the eye, which are responsible for the brightness factor for a person. It allows a person to see color and fine detail, and they work best in bright light. The cone dystrophies can cause a variety of symptoms related to vision such as decreased visual clarity when looking straight ahead, a reduced ability to see colors, and an increased sensitivity to light. Cone-rod dystrophy is estimated to affect 1 in 30,000 to 40,000 individuals.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of cone dystrophy is made based upon the presence of characteristic symptoms, a detailed family history, a thorough clinical evaluation and a number of supporting tests. While exams that measure visual acuity, perception of color, and field of vision are used to arrive at a proper diagnosis, an electroretinogram (ERG) is used to confirm the diagnosis.

The exact, underlying mechanisms that cause cone dystrophy are not fully understood, whereas Heredity and mutations prove to be the best known causes which are as follows:

  1. Heredity - Some forms of cone dystrophy are inherited as an autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive or X-linked recessive trait. Inherited forms of cone dystrophy are due to various mutations to one of several different genes that are linked to cone dystrophy. Mutated genes in cone dystrophy can be inherited as an autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive or X-linked recessive trait. Genetic diseases are determined by the combination of genes for a particular trait that are on the chromosomes received from the father and the mother.
  2. Mutations - The abnormal gene can be inherited from either parent, or can be the result of a new mutation (gene change) in the affected individual. X-linked recessive genetic disorders are conditions caused by an abnormal gene on the X chromosome. Less often, cone dystrophy may be inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Recessive genetic disorders occur when an individual inherits the same abnormal gene for the same trait from each parent.
  3. However, Mutations in more than 30 genes are known to cause cone-rod dystrophy. Approximately 20 of these genes are associated with the form of cone-rod dystrophy that is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern.

The symptoms of cone dystrophy may vary widely. The major symptoms of cone dystrophy are listed below:

  1. One of the main symptoms is photophobia (discomfort in bright light).
  2. Loss of detailed vision
  3. Difficulty in distinguishing colors and central sight loss.
  4. Symptoms remain same in both eyes but side vision is usually unaffected.
  5. Some people may develop rapid, uncontrolled eye movements or find that their eyes wander from the particular position.

There are two main subtypes of cone dystrophy, called stationary cone dystrophy and progressive cone dystrophy.

  1. Stationary cone dystrophy - Its symptoms appear early in life and remain more or less stable. The stationary form of cone dystrophy is called achromatopsia, meaning vision which lacks color, even though not everyone with this condition is unable to see color.
  2. Progressive cone dystrophy - Its symptoms tend to get worse over time. Symptom severity and speed of onset can vary greatly from person to person. Various researchers use the term cone dystrophy for referring only to the progressive form of the conditions. The genetics controls the iodpsin pigment in the cones which helps protect them.

Cone dystrophy cure includes some natural home remedies such as:

  1. Take 20-30 ml amla juice daily morning mixed with 1 table spoon honey is a good anti oxidant and it helps to prevent the progress of disease.
  2. Intake of vitamin c rich food such as citrus fruits and leafy vegetables should be increased.

For cone dystrophy cure, various preventive measures and lifestyle changes should be done by the patients:

  1. Avoid bright light
  2. Adopt healthy life style.
  3. Do regular yoga and pranayama.
  4. Vitamin A & C rich diets help to put a check on the progress of disease.