Keratoconus

Prevent Progression of Keratoconus through Ayurvedic Treatment & Panchakarma Procedures

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According to ayurveda, this condition of keratoconus related to timira. In Ayurveda, all the eyes disease is covered under the complex of ‘Timira – Kacha – Linganasha’.

Based on the symptoms of keratoconus, this is related to vataja timira. Vata is responsible for this disease. This dosha gets aggravated in this vata condition. Cornea is the site of vata dosha (i.e. why it is rich in nerve supply and no blood supply). Vitiated vata dosha alters the shape of cornea making it thinner in the center, giving it a conical shape. There are certain ayurvedic formulations and therapies available here at Prakash Nethralaya, that has shown the positive effects to handle this condition.

According to Ayurveda, the keratoconus symptoms can be minimized with nethradhara, nasya, tharpana, Virechana and shirodhara.

The major procedures done for keratoconus ayurvedic treatment are - Nethradhara, Pindi, Anjanam, Shirodhara and Tharpanam.

  1. Netra Basti - This therapy is one of the best keratoconus ayurvedic treatment, used to reduce eye strain and stress. The eyes are bathed to remove any congested secretion. A dough dam is built up around the eye and a warm medicated ghee is slowly poured into the dam, bringing peace and nourishment to the eyes.
  2. Anjanam - It helps to expel the contaminations from eyes, and influences it to clear and enhances vision. This generally gives a general cooling, and alleviating feeling to the eyes. This keratoconus ayurvedic treatment incorporates releasing of herbal medications to concentrate over the eyes in the body in a consistent stream is named as Anjanam.
  3. Netra Trapana - Netra Tarpana is used as major keratoconus ayurvedic treatment as both preventive and corrective treatment for maintaining the ordinary state of eyes. A mixture made by gram flour is pasted around both the eyes, and drug is poured onto it such that the drug does not spill from the batter which is set around the eyes.
  4. Shirodhara – This is one of the best keratoconus ayurvedic treatments. Shirodhara is normally done at the beginning of the day or in night. This method expects you to rests on the back. Shirodhara may initially start with abhyangam. After abhyangam, the method for shirodhara is begun which includes pouring of around 2 liters luke warm oil persistently as a stream on to the brow in a wavering way.

Keratoconus is a vision disorder that occurs when the normal round cornea becomes thin and irregular shaped. It is an eye disorder characterized by progressive thinning and changes in the shape of the cornea. Affected individuals can develop blurred or distorted vision, sensitivity to light, and other vision problems. It often begins at puberty and mostly is seen in teenagers or adults. One factor known to contribute to progression of keratoconus is eye rubbing. This abnormal shape of cornea prevents the light entering the eye from being focused correctly on the retina and causes distortion of vision.

In its earliest stages, it causes slight blurring and distortion of vision and increased sensitivity to light. In a small number of cases, the cornea will swell and cause a sudden and significant decrease in vision. The swelling occurs when the cornea's bulging cone-like shape causes a tiny crack to develop. The swelling may last for weeks as the crack heals and is gradually replaced by scar tissue.

Diagnosis

See your eye doctor if your eyesight is worsening rapidly, and leads to changes in your eye levels with the passing of time, which might be caused by an irregular curvature of the eye (astigmatism). He or she may also look for signs of keratoconus during routine eye exams. Your eye doctor may include various eye tests to detect the keratoconus.

The exact keratoconus causes are not known, although genetic and environmental factors are thought to be involved.

  1. Ultraviolet rays exposure - Keratoconus is associated with overexposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun.
  2. Heredity – Genetics play a major role in the keratoconus prevalence. Around 1 in 10 people with keratoconus also have a parent with the condition.
  3. Protein damage -Tiny fibers of protein in the eye called collagen that hold the cornea in place and prevent it from bulging. When these fibers become weak, they cannot hold the shape and the cornea becomes progressively more cone shaped.
  4. Excessive eye rubbing is known to be the major keratoconus cause.
  5. A history of poorly fitted contact lenses and and chronic eye irritation.
  6. New research suggests the tearing of the corneal tissue that leads to keratoconus may be due to an imbalance of enzymes within the cornea. This imbalance makes the cornea more susceptible to oxidative damage from free radicals, causing it to weaken and bulge forward.

Risk Factors

These factors can increase your chances of developing keratoconus:

  1. Having a family history of keratoconus.
  2. Rubbing your eyes vigorously.
  3. Having certain conditions, such as retinitis pigmentosa, Down syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, hay fever and asthma.

Keratoconus symptoms and signs and may change as the disease progresses. They include:

  1. Blurred or distorted vision.
  2. Increased sensitivity to bright light and glare, which can cause problems with night driving.
  3. Sudden worsening or clouding of vision.
  4. Increased nearsightedness or astigmatism.
  5. Not being able to wear contact lenses. They may no longer fit properly and they are uncomfortable.

There are mainly 2 types of glaucoma :

  1. Open-angle Glaucoma- It is the most common type of glaucoma which develops gradually, a person suffering from it doesn’t feel any pain.
  2. Closed-angle Glaucoma - It is also known as angle-closure glaucoma and is a less common type of glaucoma disease and it may develop gradually or could occur suddenly. A patient may feel severe eye pain, blurred vision, redness in the eyes.

Preventive measures and home remedies for keratoconus are:

  1. Avoid bright light.
  2. Do not rub the eyes frequently.
  3. Gently wash your eyes twice a day with mild warm water.
  4. Putting 3 drops of sesame oil in both nostrils daily morning relieves strain and acts as a keratoconus cure.
  5. Do not strain your eyes over androids and computers for the long time.
  6. Apply aloevera gel ice blocks on the eyes for quick relief.
  7. Keratoconus natural treatment includes putting 2 drops of ghee in the eyes at night gives nourishment and lubrication to the eyes.

Life style modification from unhealthy to healthy supports the keratoconus treatment. This disease can have the chances of improvement by some minor lifestyle improvements:

  1. The patients should try to avoid excessive heat and exposure to sun.
  2. Avoid excess worry, anxiety and anger because it aggravates vata and pitta doshas.
  3. Sleep is also important to ensure eyes are maintained healthy and get rid of corneal scarring.
  4. Increase the intake of vitamin A & C rich diet which help to put a check on the progress of disease.