What is Nystagmus?
Nystagmus is a vision disorder involving rhythmic and uncontrolled movements of the eyes. These movements often result in reduced vision and depth perception and can affect balance and coordination of the eye. These irregular eye movements can occur from side to side, up and down, or in a circular pattern.
The movement can vary between slow and fast and usually happens in both eyes. As a result, both eyes are unable to view objects. The study found that nystagmus was significantly more common among the white European population than in the Asian (Indian, Pakistani, other Asian backgrounds) populations.
Causes of Nystagmus
Nystagmus is most commonly caused by neurological problems, present at birth and various other causes of nystagmus include:
- Lack of development of normal eye movement control early in life.
- Very high refractive error, for example, myopia or astigmatism.
- Congenital cataracts.
- Inflammation of the inner ear.
- Medications such as anti-epilepsy drugs.
- Neurological diseases.
- Albinism (lack of colour, or pigmentation, in the skin).
- A wide range of eye problems in children, including cataracts and focusing problems.
- Inner ear problems, such as Meniere’s disease.
- Multiple sclerosis.
- Stroke (a common cause of acquired nystagmus in older people).
- Head injury (a common cause of acquired nystagmus in younger people).
- Use of certain medications, such as lithium or anti-seizure medications.
Symptoms of Nystagmus
Nystagmus shows very few symptoms such as:
- Movement of eyes without control. It might be fast, then slow, then fast again. The movement might be in one eye, but it’s usually in both eyes.
- Objects may seem a little blurry to children with nystagmus.
- If this condition develops as an adult, the world appears to move a little when you look around.
- This may also affect your vision. One might have a problem seeing in the dark.
- Develop sensitivity to bright light.
- The problem with balance and dizziness appears. These can be worse if you’re tired or stressed.
- Headaches and defective vision.
- The symptoms also include fast, uncontrollable eye movements.
Diagnosis and Nystagmus Treatment in Ayurveda
Nystagmus can be diagnosed by an eye professional by looking into the eye and getting for various tests. The doctor will first see your eyes and observe will first move slowly in one direction. Then they’ll move quickly the other way. This disorder can be diagnosed by the following tests:
- Ear exam
- Neurological exam
- Brain MRI
- Brain CT scan
- Recording your eye movement
Nystagmus is an eye disorder that is caused by the aggravation of Vata dosha according to the Ayurveda. This disorder is known as Timira in the ayurvedic texts. Nystagmus eye treatment in Ayurveda hence aims to correct the same. Nystagmus is generally seen in combination with other eye diseases. Hence the ayurvedic Nystagmus treatment aims to correct the underlying pathology. There are certain herbal medications and therapies that work as natural nystagmus cures:
- Triphala – This herbal medication is beneficial and acts as nystagmus treatment in Ayurveda. This has to be taken according to your doctor’s prescription.
- Snehapanam – It is characterized by the oral intake of ghee (purified buttermilk) made from cow’s milk for internal purification before starting the panchakarma processes and it proves to be one of the best nystagmus treatments in Ayurveda.
- Netra Trapana – Netra Tarpana is a therapy used as nystagmus treatment in India for both prevention and maintenance of solid-state of eyes. A mixture made of gram flour is pasted around both the eyes and drugs are poured onto it in a way that they do not spill from the batter which is set around the eyes.
Home Remedies for Nystagmus
Nystagmus cure at home can be done by the following:
- Include foodstuffs rich in vitamins, minerals that help to strengthen the nervous system in your diet.
- Put two drops of cow ghee in your eyes at night.
- Include citrus fruits and vitamin C in your diet.
Preventions/Lifestyle for Nystagmus
There are various guidelines that one can do himself for a better nystagmus cure at home by including some minor changes in the lifestyles, such as:
- Avoid stress factors.
- Reading and composing around evening time should be avoided.
- One should walk barefoot on dew secured grass.
- Reading ought not to be done while lying in bed.
- Keep the bowels clear.
- Take good sound sleep at night for approximately 6-7 hours.
Types of Nystagmus
There are two basic types of nystagmus including: