What is Ptosis?
Ptosis is a disorder when the upper eyelid droops over the eye. The eyelid may droop just a little, or so much that it covers the pupil. Ptosis can partially or even completely block normal vision.
Children and adults can have ptosis. It can occur in one eye or both eyes at the same time. Sometimes it is a problem that changes a person's appearance without affecting vision or health. In other cases, it can only be a warning sign that a more serious condition is affecting the muscles, nerves, brain or eye socket. Ptosis can be present at birth (congenital) or develop later in life (acquired).
It can be corrected with proper treatment that may not be necessary in cases where there is no impact on vision.
Causes of Ptosis
Ptosis causes are common and are listed below:
- Congenital ptosis is caused by genetic inheritances.
- Excessive eye rubbing.
- Use of rigid contact lenses.
- Eye surgery.
- Eyelid tumours, cysts, or swelling.
- Horner's syndrome.
- Muscular problems.
- Nerve damage in the eye muscles.
- Neurological conditions.
- Eye trauma.
- The weakness of the eyelid muscles or eye nerve problems.
- Botox injections.
People at risk for developing ptosis include those with eye tumours, diabetes, history of stroke, cancer, and neurological disorders. Older people are at risk because ageing sometimes causes the eye muscles to weaken.
- The person with contact lenses.
- Wearing contact lenses can increase the risk of developing ptosis.
- Contact lenses
- Excessive eye rubbing
- Eye surgery
- Horner's syndrome
- Myasthenia gravis
Symptoms of Ptosis
The main signs and symptoms of ptosis are as follows:
- One or both eyelids droop. It can block your sight.
- Lazy eye can also be a symptom of ptosis. That's a poor sight in an eye that didn't develop normally during childhood.
- Migraine can also be a symptom.
- One may also have extremely dry or watery eyes, and you may notice that your face looks weary or tired.
- The main areas to be affected will be around the eyes, and you may experience aching, which can also cause you to look tired.
- Few people with severe ptosis may have to tilt their heads back in order to see at all times even when holding a normal conversation.
Types of Ptosis
- Congenital ptosis — In this condition, an infant is born with ptosis because of a developmental problem involving the muscle that raises the upper eyelid and its muscles. In approximately 70% of cases, the condition affects only one eye.
- Aponeurotic ptosis (age-related ptosis) — Aging is the most common cause of ptosis that is not present at birth. In this, the long-term effects of gravity and ageing cause stretching of a wide, tendon-like tissue that helps the muscle to lift the eyelid. Although both eyes usually are affected, drooping may be worse in one eye.
- Neurogenic ptosis - It is the type that includes oculomotor nerve palsy, Horner's syndrome, Marcus Gunn jaw winking syndrome, third cranial nerve misdirection.
- Acquired ptosis – This type of ptosis can be acquired during a lifetime.
Diagnosis and Ptosis Treatment in Ayurveda
Ptosis eye treatment can only be done if the cause of the disease is known and understood. Usually, it is caused by Vata dosha aggravation in the body. There are various ptosis eye treatment in Ayurveda that are known to provide benefits such as Shirodhara, Tharpana, nasya, and Nethradhara procedures. These are done with Vata pacifying drugs.
Yoga and pranayama are also included to aid faster recovery. The procedures are done continuously for 15-20 days. Some of the ptosis natural treatments are described below:
- Shirobasti - In the Shirobasti process, a long cap, open at the top, is fitted around the patient's head. Through the top opening, warm herbal medicated oils are poured onto the head. The oil is retained for some period.
- Nethradhara - This process includes washing the eyes with freshly prepared medicated decoctions for strengthening the muscles of the upper eyelids.
- Netra Basti - This therapy is one of the best ptosis cures in Ayurveda, used to reduce eye stress. The eyes are bathed to remove any congested secretion. A dough dam is built up around the eye and a warm medicated ghee is slowly poured into the dam, bringing peace and nourishment to the eyes.
- Netra Trapana - Netra Tarpana is used because it acts as both preventive and corrective treatment. A mixture made of gram flour is pasted around both the eyes and drugs are poured onto it such that the drug does not spill from the batter which is set around the eyes.
Home Remedies for Ptosis
Ptosis natural treatment at home can be done with the help of the following remedies:
- Do mild massage over closed eyelids with the same oil and also head massage.
- Tea tree oil - Apply a mixture of 2 drops of tea tree essential oil and 1/2 teaspoon of coconut oil to your eyelids.
- Black tea- Researchers suggest that the anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties of black tea to are used to treat ptosis.
- Put 2 drops of cow ghee at bedtime.
Preventions/Lifestyle for Ptosis
Ptosis cure can also be possible by inculcating some lifestyle changes and following few preventive measures in your daily routine such as:
- Do warm compresses for 15 minutes, four times a day for 7-10 days.
- Application of mild eye drops or ointment.
- Gentle cleaning of the eyelids with a warm, wet washcloth should be done regularly.
- Avoid fast food and junk food.
- Clear the bowels.
- Avoid refrigerated and packaged foods.
- Do regular yoga and Pranayam.