What is Asthma?
Asthma is an inflammatory disease in the airways to the lungs. It makes breathing and various physical exercises difficult. For understanding the concept of asthma, you need to understand the normal working process of the respiratory system. Normally, with every breath you inhale, air goes through your nose and down into your throat, into your airways, eventually making it to your lungs. There are lots of small air passages in your lungs that help deliver oxygen from the air into your bloodstream. Asthma symptoms occur when the lining of your airways swell and the muscles around them tighten. The mucus then fills the airways, hence reducing the amount of air that can pass through. These conditions then lead to asthma “attack,” or the tightness in your chest that is an example of asthma.
Diagnosis of Asthma
For asthma treatment in India, there's no single test or exam that will determine if you have asthma. Instead, your doctor will use a variety of tests to determine if symptoms are of asthma or not.
Before the asthma treatment in ayurveda, doctors will first detect asthma by the following -
- Physical exam - Your doctor will listen to your breath rate with a stethoscope.
- They may also conduct a skin test, looking for signs of an allergic reaction such as hives or eczema. Allergies increase your risk of asthma.
- Breathing tests - Your doctor may use function tests (PFTs) to measure airflow into and out of your lungs. The most common test, spirometry, requires you to blow into a device that can measure the speed of the air.
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Types of Asthma
- Bronchial asthma - Bronchial asthma is the most common type of asthma is bronchial asthma, which affects the bronchi in the lungs. Symptoms include coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.
- Allergic asthma (extrinsic asthma) - Allergens trigger this type of asthma. These might include:
- Nonallergic asthma (intrinsic asthma) - Irritants in the air not related to allergies trigger this type of asthma. Irritants might include:
- Burning wood and cigarette smoke
- Cold air
- Air pollution
- Air fresheners
- Household cleaning products
Causes of Asthma
There is not a single cause identified for asthma. Instead, there are various factors involved. These factors include:
- Genetics - Asthma is a genetic disorder, you’re more likely to develop it if your parents have it.
- Viral infections - People with a history of viral infections during childhood are more likely to develop the condition.
- Allergen exposure - Frequent contact with various allergens and irritants may increase your risk of developing asthma.
- Environmental factors - Air pollution can impact the development and triggers of asthma. Asthma symptoms often occur because of indoor air pollution from mold or noxious fumes from household cleaners and paints. Various environmental irritants include sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, cold temperatures, etc.
- Pregnancy - If a woman smokes tobacco while pregnancy, an unborn child might grow less in the womb, experience complications during labor and delivery, and have a low birth weight. These newborns might be more prone to medical problems, including asthma.
- Weight - Children and adults who are overweight are more likely to develop asthma.
- Stress - If you undergo stress, then you have higher asthma rates. Increases in asthma-related behaviors during stressful times, such as smoking, might explain these increased rates.
Signs and Symptoms of Asthma
Symptoms of asthma include:
- Coughing, especially at night, when laughing, or during exercise.
- Labored breathing.
- Wheezing, or whistling sound made when breathing.
- Tightness in the chest.
- Shortness of breath.
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Asthma Treatment in Ayurveda
Asthma treatment in ayurveda is the best treatment because it is completely natural and has no side-effects. For the asthma treatment in Ayurveda, it is important to understand the cause of asthma in the ayurvedic context.
The underlying cause of all asthmatic conditions is increased Kapha dosha in the stomach. From there it moves into the lungs, trachea, and bronchi. The increased Kapha blocks the natural flow of air, creating spasm in the bronchial tree and resulting in asthma and wheezing. Kapha is one of the 3 energies or doshas (Vata, Pitta, and Kapha) responsible for maintaining the balance of overall health.
The asthma treatment in ayurveda focuses on removing the Kapha lodged in the lungs. It can be treated with ayurvedic medicine for asthma. Ayurvedic Expert at Prakash Nethralaya, Jaipur provides asthma treatment with herbal remedies taken on a regular basis in the long run. Panchakarma and Ayurveda therapies are the main line of treatment for asthma to eliminate the impurities and cleanse the body. According to Ayurveda asthma can be of following types:
- Vata Type Asthma is with dryness and wheezing. Other symptoms may include thirst, dry mouth, dry skin, constipation, anxiety, and craving warm drinks. Vata type attacks occur during Vata times at dawn and dusk.
- Pitta Type Asthma presents itself with coughing, wheezing, but with yellow phlegm. There may be fever, sweating, irritability, and need for cold air. Attacks occur during the Pitta times of day, noon and midnight.
- Kapha Type Asthma presents itself with coughing and wheezing with abundant white or clear phlegm or mucous. Instead of wheezing, there will be a railing sound produced by fluid in the lungs. Attacks occur during the Kapha time of day, morning and evening.
Home Remedies for Asthma
asthma natural treatment includes the following home remedies that can be beneficial:
- Essential oils - Inhaling eucalyptus essential oil may ease breathing difficulties brought on by asthma. Lavender and basil essential oils also show promise.
- Mustard oil - This fatty oil, made from pressed mustard seeds, can be massaged into the skin to help open airways.
- Cinnamon and honey - Mix one teaspoon of cinnamon and 1/4th teaspoon trikatu into a cup of boiling water. Let it steep for 10 minutes and add 1 teaspoon of honey before drinking.
- Use of Garlic, Turmeric, Ginger, Black pepper.
- Perform respiratory exercise, Pranayama, and Yoga.
Lifestyle Changes and Preventions for Asthma
In addition to using medications, you can take steps each day to make yourself healthier and reduce your risk for asthma attacks by following lifestyle changes and preventive measures:
- Healthy diet - Eating a healthy, balanced diet can improve your overall health, which may reduce the risks for asthma attacks.
- Maintaining a healthy weight - Asthma tends to be worse in overweight and obese individuals. Losing weight is healthy for your heart, your joints, and your lungs.
- Quitting smoking - Irritants such as cigarette smoke can trigger asthma.
- Exercising regularly - Physical activity can trigger an asthma attack, but regular exercise may actually reduce the risk of breathing problems. This can strengthen your lungs and help you breathe better.
- Taking preventive medication - Your doctor may prescribe medicine for you to take on a daily basis. This medicine may be used alternately.
- White flour and white sugar products should be avoided.
- Reducing the exposure to allergens - If you’ve identified allergens, such as dust or mold, that trigger an asthma attack, avoid them.